Spring 2012    
    Syllabus      
Norman Borlaug endorses the GreenSeeker Sensor system developed at OSU
Syllabus (bottom of page)

FINAL Exam, Monday, April 30, 8:00 am


Daily Worksheet

CNN Arithmetic

The Food Issue

NY Times , Damaging the earth to feed its people

Ug99, a threat to food security hindustantimes

GLOBAL WARMING

Global child deaths plunge by 12,000/day (September 2011)

Luxury Consumption (D.B. Fowler)

Quiz 5 Answer


A. Plant and Soil Sciences Proficiency Exam

        (PASS answers)

FRIDAY 1.

Research gone wrong
Class Introduction
 (Abstract Example, due January 18)
ASA Instructional (step by step)

Rationale
1. fundamental reason(s) serving to account for something.
2. a statement of reasons.
3. reasoned exposition of principles.

Truth
The Truth, the Whole Truth, and nothing but the Truth,
Scientific Oath
I promise to...
PhD, License to practice...

Nitrogen Fertilizer Rates

JD FURROW 2012



Class Reading (2012)

1. The Great Corn Con, by Steven Rattner


2. Science (Is there a road ahead for Cellulosic Ethanol?) August 2010

3. Science Humans are driving extreme
weather, time to prepare


Science 9 Billion

4. Seasonal and long-term changes in nitrate-nitrogen content of well water in Oklahoma.  1997.  J. Environmental Quality, 26:1632-1637.

5. Central America Soils

6. Crain_OM_OC_Conversion

7. ASA view on global warming, 2011

8.  Tillage and soil carbon sequestration - What do we really know? (Agric. Ecosystems & Env.)

9.  Nitrogen accumulation in shoots as a function of growth stage of corn and winter wheat. J. Plant Nutr. 33:165-182.

10.  World Energy Project, UNL

11. Hydrogen Ion Buffering, Ferguson

Homework 1 (Crain Answer)

12. R.H. Moll, E. Kamprath, W. Jackson. 1982.Analysis and Interpretation of Factors Which Contribute to Efficiency of Nitrogen Utilization. Agron. J. 74:562-564.

13.  Bray, Confirmation of the Nutrient Mobility Concept of Soil - Plant Relationships.  1962.

14. Roger Bray. A Nutrient Mobility Concept of Soil-Plant Relationships. 1953.

Bray's Mobility Concept (Tracy Wilson, Alex Cumbie)

15. NEW Abstract Example

16. NPR Audio of Dr. Borlaug

17. Economic and Agronomic Impacts of Varied Philosophies of Soil Testing

18.  Class Presentation (Agriculture)

19. Interview

One Page Plan (due March 26)

Fertilization Based on Sufficiency, Build-up and Maintenance Concept  (Macnack et al.)

20.  Water Crisis in India

21.  Ammonia Loss, Montana, Rick Engel (page 9)
Agrotain (NBPT, N butyl thiophosphoric acid triamide)

22.  Perennial Solution (National Geographic)

23.  Class Vision Proposals


24. March shatters Temperature Records

25. The Food Issue

26. Generalized Algorithm

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=K-fAVNXU5No.

         

1. Introduction

2. Bias in Research
Error example1
Error example2

2012 Class Project

3. Organic Carbon (Ranney Paper, OC conversion)

Brazil C-Stocks

1. N fertilizers decrease soil organic C, Khan and Mulvaney
2. JEQ Article, Khan and Mulvaney
or
High N rates can increase soil organic C,


Nutrient Content of Crops, USDA

4. History of Yield Potential

5. Nitrogen

N Cycle (dial)

6. Nitrogen Use Efficiency (Review)

   (Soybean N Balance, Andres Patrignani, Romulo Lollato.)

Rice NUE, Jacob Bushong

7. Theoretical Applications

     R.A. Olson, Soil Testing

        MISSION II

8. Nitrogen Fertilization Optimization Algorithm and the use of CV's

SBNRC-IOWA, Russ Linhardt

CV-RI

Concept, CV-RI

     CV RI Homework


 Examples/homework

NCR-rate recommendations, 1 Bundy

1. Lahoma 502 (updated)
2. Magruder
3. Stillwater 222 (updated)

502 long term

SED


9. Biometrical Applications (class survey)
Stability Analysis (excel)
Stability Analysis 502

10.  Radioisotopes

supplemental lecture

Radiation dose chart (T. Wilson)

a

11. P Solubility.

a. Syers (Efficiency of soil and fertilizer phosphorus use)
b. Johnston (New approach for PUE)

c. Sander et al. (1990)

REVIEW

Andres Patrignani- Wheat yield plateau

12. Biofools

13. Ethanol

US Military

13. Resurgent Forests Can be Greenhouse Sponges (Science)

14. Soil Fertility and Hunger in Africa

15. Cereal nitrogen use efficiency in Sub Saharan Africa. J. Plant Nutr. 32:2107-2122

16. Corn Farmers Making Money

16
. The Magruder Plots, Untangling the Puzzle.  (Agron J. 1191-1198)

17.  The Story of Wheat (from the Economist.com)

How can N2O emissions be reduced?   

Reducing N2O Emissions

Reducing N2O

 Radioisotope Exercise

 

Independence of YP0 and RI

Independence of YP0 and RI-2


NEWTON
Inverse Distance Square Law
Isaac Newton and 2060
Newton Accomplishments

   

 

 

Cate-Nelson Exercise

MS and PhD Preliminary Exam: Prelim

US Foreign Assistance

Phosphorus fertilizers, FAO

Homework: Estimate cereal P use efficiency, developed and developing world (Improving NUE, 1999)

Assumptions:
1. % consumption of P fertilizer for cereals
2. cereal grain P values
3. P removed in cereals coming from the soil

Removal of P by field crops (Cornell)
Nutrient Removal (IPNI)

Student Nutrient Cycles



University of Illinois
, Basic Mineral Nutrition

IPNI Nutrient Lookup table
 

First Hour Exam 2004

Second Hour Exam 2002

Statistical Applications

FINAL EXAM 2002, KEY

FINAL EXAM 2004, KEY

FINAL EXAM 2006

Final Exam 2008 KEY

 

YIELD FIT Program (exe file)

TEXT BOOK

 

 

 

Yield Potential Example Table

Wise men speak because they have something to say; Fools because they have to say something.

         
National Agricultural Statistics Service
Research and Development Division

http://www.nass.usda.gov/research/avhrr/avhrrmnu.htm

 


Nitrogen Rich Strip (on left), Jason Lawles, NTech Industries



video1
video2

 

 

 

 


C


 


---------------------From 2010------------
1.Estimated Increase in Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide Due to worldwide decrease in Soil Organic Matter

Great Pacific Garbage Patch  Great Pacific Garbage Patch 2

 

3. Nitrogen Balance in the Magruder Plots Following 109 Years in Continuous Winter Wheat  J. Plant Nutr.  26:1561-1580. (pdf)

4. Seasonal and long-term changes in nitrate-nitrogen content of well water in Oklahoma. 1997. J. Environ. Qual 26:1632-1637.

5. Tritium  




11. Effect of applied N on organic C, long-term experiments.

12.  Soil Plant Inorganic N Buffering Agron J 1995 87: 827834 (summary page)

Raytheon

400mm = 15.7in
268mm = 10.5in
13. M. F. Vigil and D. E. Kissel Soil Sci Soc Am J 1991 55: 757-761.  [Abstract] [PDF]

14. Francis, D.D., J.S. Schepers, and M.F. Vigil. 1993. Post-anthesis nitrogen loss from corn. Agron. J. 85:659-663.

15. Improving Nitrogen Use Efficiency for Cereal Production  Agron. J. 91:357-363 (pdf)

17. Economic and Agronomic Impacts of Varied Philosophies of Soil Testing.  Agron J.

M.S. and Ph.D Proficiency Exam

March 11, 2010

Influence of Cation Exchange Capacity and Depth of Incorporation on Ammonia Volatilization from Ammonium Compounds Applied to Calcareous Soils (Fenn and Kissel)

 _____________________________________________


Seasonal and long-term changes in nitrate-nitrogen content of well water in Oklahoma.  1997.  J. Environmental Quality, 26:1632-1637. (consult the actual article)

 

b.  Use of Stability Analysis for Long-Term Soil Fertility Experiments.  Agron J. 85:159-167

Amino Sugar Papers

a.  Farm Journal
b.  Khan, Mulvaney, et al.
c.  Khan, Mulvaney, 2001 SSSAJ


1. Mid-Season Prediction of Wheat Grain Yield Potential Using Plant, Soil, and Sensor Measurements. J. Plant Nutr.

2. Magruder Plots, Nitrogen Balance following 109 years of continuous winter wheat

3. Optical Sensor Based Algorithm for Crop N Fertilization

4. Improving Nitrogen Use Efficiency in Cereal Grain Production with Optical Sensing and Variable Rate Application

5. Nitrogen Fertilization Optimization Algorithm Based on In-Season Estimates of Yield and Plant Nitrogen Uptake

6. Estimated land area increase of agricultural ecosystems to sequester excess atmospheric carbon dioxide

7. Estimated Increase in Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide Due to Worldwide Decrease in Soil Organic Matter.  Commun. Soil Sci. Plant Anal. 30:1713-1719

8.  Soil Plant Inorganic N Buffering (web link)

9.  Francis, D.D., J.S. Schepers, and M.F. Vigil. 1993. Post-anthesis nitrogen loss from corn. Agron. J. 85:659-663.

10. Ammonia Volatilization from Surface-Applied Urea: Effect of Hydrogen Ion Buffering Capacity (Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 48:578)

11. Reseeding the Green Revolution (Science)

12. The NO2-Flux Conundrum (Science)

13. Nitrogen Oxide Pollution May Spark Seeds' Growth (Science)

14. Global Population and the Nitrogen Cycle (Scientific American)

15. Forecasting Agriculturally Driven Global Environmental Change (Science)

16. Soil Fertility and Hunger in Africa (Science)

17. NSF Report Paints a Global Picture (Science)

18. Improving Nitrogen Use Efficiency for Cereal Production (Agron. J. 91:357-363)

Class List
AMBROSE, SAMANTHA K SAMANTHA.AMBROSE@OKSTATE.EDU
AMEDY, BAYAR M BAYAR.AMEDY@OKSTATE.EDU
BELL, PATRICK RYAN PAT.BELL@OKSTATE.EDU
BUSHONG, JACOB TRAVIS JACOB.BUSHONG@OKSTATE.EDU
CALHOUN, STEVEN R STEVEN.CALHOUN@OKSTATE.EDU
CRAIN, JARED LEVI JARED.CRAIN@OKSTATE.EDU
CUMBIE, ALEXANDRA ELIZABETH ALEXANDRA.CUMBIE@OKSTATE.EDU
DHAKAL, KUNDAN KUNDAN@OKSTATE.EDU
DHITAL, SULOCHANA SULOCHANA.DHITAL@OKSTATE.EDU
EDANO, MA LOURDES S MA_LOURDES.EDANO@OKSTATE.EDU
FOSTER, ANSERD J AJ.FOSTER@OKSTATE.EDU
HEDGES, WESLEY JOHN WHEDGES@OKSTATE.EDU
LOLLATO, ROMULO PISA ROMULO.LOLLATO@OKSTATE.EDU
MACNACK, NATASHA ELIZABETH MACNACK@OKSTATE.EDU
MEEKS, KEVIN B KBMEEKS@OKSTATE.EDU
PATRIGNANI, ANDRES ANDRES.PATRIGNANI@OKSTATE.EDU
PITTMAN, JEREMY JOSH JOSH.PITTMAN@OKSTATE.EDU
REINERT, MICHAEL DENIS MICHAEL.REINERT@OKSTATE.EDU
SHEPHERD, LANCE M LANCE.SHEPHERD@OKSTATE.EDU
THOMAS, CHRISTOPHER CHRISTOPHER.A.THOMAS@OKSTATE.EDU
WEATHERS, KATLYNN R KATLYNN.WEATHERS@OKSTATE.EDU
WILSON, TRACY TRACY.WILSON@OKSTATE.EDU
YIMAM, YOHANNES TADESSE YOHANNES.YIMAM@OKSTATE.EDU
Kanke, Yumiko ykanke1@tigers.lsu.edu
Marilyn Dalen mdalen1@tigers.lsu.edu

COURSE NUMBER AND TITLE: SOIL 5813; Soil Plant Relationships and Nutrient Cycling

 

FACULTY:      Bill Raun Rm. 044 Ag Hall, bill.raun@okstate.edu

 

                     

 

COURSE OBJECTIVES: To examine advanced concepts and principles of nutrient management.

Internalize fundamental and accepted theory in nutrient management

 

STYLE / MODE OF TEACHING:  Discussion and student participation in demonstration of fundamental concepts and principles.

 

EXAMS:  There will be 12 quizzes or other performance evaluations, A final exam will account for an additional 100 points.   

 

GRADING PROCEDURE:  A 90-100, B 80-90, C 70-80, D 60-70, F <60