Spring 2010    
    Syllabus      
Norman Borlaug endorses the GreenSeeker Sensor system developed at OSU
Syllabus

Chapters
Class Introduction

1. Introduction

2. Bias in Research
Error example1
Error example2

2010 Class Project

3. Organic Carbon (Ranney Paper, OC conversion)

Brazil C-Stocks

1. N fertilizers decrease soil organic C, Khan and Mulvaney
2. JEQ Article, Khan and Mulvaney
or
High N rates can increase soil organic C, Raun


Nutrient Content of Crops, USDA

4. History of Yield Potential

5. Nitrogen

6. Nitrogen Use Efficiency (Review)

7. Theoretical Applications

     R.A. Olson, Soil Testing

        MISSION II

8. Nitrogen Fertilization Optimization Algorithm and the use of CV's

SBNRC-IOWA, Russ Linhardt

CV-RI

Concept, CV-RI

     CV RI Homework


 Examples/homework

Lahoma 502

SED


9. Biometrical Applications (class survey)
Stability Analysis (excel)
Stability Analysis 502

10.  Radioisotopes

supplemental lecture

How can N2O emissions be reduced?   

Reducing N2O Emissions

Reducing N2O

 Radioisotope Exercise

 

Independence of YP0 and RI

NEWTON
Inverse Distance Square Law
Isaac Newton and 2060
Newton Accomplishments

   

  Cate-Nelson Exercise

MS and PhD Preliminary Exam: Prelim 2010

US Foreign Assistance

Phosphorus fertilizers, FAO

Homework: Estimate cereal P use efficiency, developed and developing world (Improving NUE, 1999)

Assumptions:
1. % consumption of P fertilizer for cereals
2. cereal grain P values
3. P removed in cereals coming from the soil

Removal of P by field crops (Cornell)
Nutrient Removal (IPNI)

Student Nutrient Cycles



University of Illinois
, Basic Mineral Nutrition
 

First Hour Exam 2004

Second Hour Exam 2002

Statistical Applications

FINAL EXAM 2002, KEY

FINAL EXAM 2004, KEY

FINAL EXAM 2006

Final Exam 2008 KEY

 

YIELD FIT Program (exe file)

TEXT BOOK

 

 

 

Yield Potential Example Table

         
National Agricultural Statistics Service
Research and Development Division

http://www.nass.usda.gov/research/avhrr/avhrrmnu.htm

 


Nitrogen Rich Strip (on left), Jason Lawles, NTech Industries



video1
video2

 

 

 

 


C


Reading Assignments 2010

1.Estimated Increase in Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide Due to worldwide decrease in Soil Organic Matter

Great Pacific Garbage Patch  Great Pacific Garbage Patch 2

2. The Magruder Plots, Untangling the Puzzle.  (Agron J. 1191-1198)

3. Nitrogen Balance in the Magruder Plots Following 109 Years in Continuous Winter Wheat  J. Plant Nutr.  26:1561-1580. (pdf)

4. Seasonal and long-term changes in nitrate-nitrogen content of well water in Oklahoma. 1997. J. Environ. Qual 26:1632-1637.

5. Tritium  

6. Biofools

7. Resurgent Forests Can be Greenhouse Sponges (Science)8. Soil Fertility and Hunger in Africa

9.  Reseeding the Green Revolution

10. Cereal nitrogen use efficiency in Sub Saharan Africa. J. Plant Nutr. 32:2107-2122

11. Effect of applied N on organic C, long-term experiments.

12.  Soil Plant Inorganic N Buffering Agron J 1995 87: 827834 (summary page)

Raytheon

400mm = 15.7in
268mm = 10.5in
13. M. F. Vigil and D. E. Kissel Soil Sci Soc Am J 1991 55: 757-761.  [Abstract] [PDF]

14. Francis, D.D., J.S. Schepers, and M.F. Vigil. 1993. Post-anthesis nitrogen loss from corn. Agron. J. 85:659-663.

15. Improving Nitrogen Use Efficiency for Cereal Production  Agron. J. 91:357-363 (pdf)

16. NUE Flowchart, NUE Methods

17. Economic and Agronomic Impacts of Varied Philosophies of Soil Testing.  Agron J.

M.S. and Ph.D Proficiency Exam

March 11, 2010

Influence of Cation Exchange Capacity and Depth of Incorporation on Ammonia Volatilization from Ammonium Compounds Applied to Calcareous Soils (Fenn and Kissel)

 _____________________________________________


Seasonal and long-term changes in nitrate-nitrogen content of well water in Oklahoma.  1997.  J. Environmental Quality, 26:1632-1637. (consult the actual article)

a.  The Story of Wheat (from the Economist.com)

b.  Use of Stability Analysis for Long-Term Soil Fertility Experiments.  Agron J. 85:159-167

Amino Sugar Papers

a.  Farm Journal
b.  Khan, Mulvaney, et al.
c.  Khan, Mulvaney, 2001 SSSAJ


1. Mid-Season Prediction of Wheat Grain Yield Potential Using Plant, Soil, and Sensor Measurements. J. Plant Nutr.

2. Magruder Plots, Nitrogen Balance following 109 years of continuous winter wheat

3. Optical Sensor Based Algorithm for Crop N Fertilization

4. Improving Nitrogen Use Efficiency in Cereal Grain Production with Optical Sensing and Variable Rate Application

5. Nitrogen Fertilization Optimization Algorithm Based on In-Season Estimates of Yield and Plant Nitrogen Uptake

6. Estimated land area increase of agricultural ecosystems to sequester excess atmospheric carbon dioxide

7. Estimated Increase in Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide Due to Worldwide Decrease in Soil Organic Matter.  Commun. Soil Sci. Plant Anal. 30:1713-1719

8.  Soil Plant Inorganic N Buffering (web link)

9.  Francis, D.D., J.S. Schepers, and M.F. Vigil. 1993. Post-anthesis nitrogen loss from corn. Agron. J. 85:659-663.

10. Ammonia Volatilization from Surface-Applied Urea: Effect of Hydrogen Ion Buffering Capacity (Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 48:578)

11. Reseeding the Green Revolution (Science)

12. The NO2-Flux Conundrum (Science)

13. Nitrogen Oxide Pollution May Spark Seeds' Growth (Science)

14. Global Population and the Nitrogen Cycle (Scientific American)

15. Forecasting Agriculturally Driven Global Environmental Change (Science)

16. Soil Fertility and Hunger in Africa (Science)

17. NSF Report Paints a Global Picture (Science)

18. Improving Nitrogen Use Efficiency for Cereal Production (Agron. J. 91:357-363)

Class List
ALI, MUAID SHAKER MUAID.ALI@OKSTATE.EDU
ANDREWS, CASEY JOHN CASEY.ANDREWS@OKSTATE.EDU
BARREIRO, ALEXANDRE STEFANI ALEX.BARREIRO@OKSTATE.EDU
BLANKENSHIP, KYLE SCOTT KYLE.S.BLANKENSHIP@OKSTATE.EDU
BUTCHEE, JOHN DILLON DILLON.BUTCHEE@OKSTATE.EDU
BUTCHEE, KATY SHAYNE KATYSB@OKSTATE.EDU
CHIM, BEE KHIM BEE@OKSTATE.EDU
CLARK, DAVID ANDREW, JR DAVE.CLARK@OKSTATE.EDU
FINE, KATHRYN ELIZABETH KATIE.FINE@OKSTATE.EDU
FINE, SCOTT THOMAS SCOTT.FINE@OKSTATE.EDU
HURLEY, PATRICK DEE PHURLEY@OKSTATE.EDU
KELLY, JONATHAN PERRY JONATHAN.KELLY@OKSTATE.EDU
KOH, KYUNGJOON KYUNGJOON.KOH@OKSTATE.EDU
MASSEY, JOSHUA RYAN JOSH.MASSEY@OKSTATE.EDU
MAY, JERRY LEE JERRY.MAY@OKSTATE.EDU
MOHAMMED, YESUF ASSEN YESUF@OKSTATE.EDU
MULLOCK, JEREMIAH JEREMIAH.MULLOCK@OKSTATE.EDU
RUTTO, EMILY JEPTUM EMILY.RUTTO@OKSTATE.EDU
SHRESTHA, ARJINA ARJINA.SHRESTHA@OKSTATE.EDU
STONER, DUSTIN J DSTONER@OKSTATE.EDU
TANGANELLI, KALIANA KALIANA@OKSTATE.EDU
TIAN, YANG YANG.TIAN@OKSTATE.EDU
TORRES, GUILHERME M GUILHERME.TORRES@OKSTATE.EDU
WALDSCHMIDT, KEVIN MARK KEVIN.WALDSCHMIDT@OKSTATE.EDU
WANG, ZHIYONG ZHIYONG.WANG@OKSTATE.EDU
WILLIAMS, RYAN JAMES RYAN.JAMES.WILLIAMS@OKSTATE.EDU